Moscow is from 4 to 6 thousand years old
The territory of Moscow was occupied from times immemorial. Archeological excavations found the settlements of people, who lived there 4-6 thousand years ago. One of these ancient settlements was found on the bank of the Moscow River, not far from the former village Shtchukino.
Russian felt boots
Felt boots – from old to rather modern and stylish ones, exhibited in Moscow in the only one museum in the world called “Russian Felt Boots”.
Ostankinskaya TV Tower
One of the highest towers in the world, its height is 540 metres. The leader in this list is 553-metre-long Canadian Tower in Toronto.
“Park Pobedy” metro station
The deepest metro station in the world. It is situated at a depth of 90 metres.
The highest point of Moscow –
200 metres above sea level – the crossing of Profsoyuznaya and Miklukho-Maklaya Streets.
14-kilometre-long Leninsky Prospekt is the longest avenue in Moscow.
At present time there are about 4 thousand streets, alleys, squares, avenues, boulevards, embankments, highways and passages in Moscow.
Emblem of Moscow
Restored in 1993 per sample of the first official emblem of the city, which was confirmed in 1781. An old Christian legend “St. George and the Dragon” was taken as a plot.
In Moscow there are more than 100 thousand families with the surname Ivanovy.
The monument to Pushkin
The monument to Pushkin has been situated on Tverskaya Street only for the last 50 years. At first it was placed on the other side of the street.
It takes you only 5 minutes to get down from the observation platform on Vorob’evy Gory to the Moscow-river embankment using the only one cableway in Moscow.
The Vorob’evy Gory observation platform is a constant place of a meeting for all Moscow’s bikers.
Marathon in Ostankinskaya TV Tower
More than 10 years the heats to a height of 337 metres up the stairs of Ostankinskaya TV Tower are held. The record is 11 minutes 55 seconds.
The first water supply system (in Mytishtchi) was established in Moscow in 1804 (204 years ago).
The first telephone
The first telephone in Moscow rang in 1882 (126 years ago).
The first lift
The first lift in Moscow appeared in 1901 (107 years ago).
A horse-drawn tram started in Moscow in 1872 (136 years ago).
Electric tram in Moscow was first started in 1899 (109 years ago). Moscow became the 6th tramway town in Russian Empire.
The first trolleybus
The first trolleybus was let out into the streets of Moscow in 1933 (75 years ago). Moscow was the first town in the USSR where a trolleybus was run.
Moscow’s metro started in 1935 (73 years ago).
The first automobile
The first car appeared in Moscow in 1898 (110 years ago).
The first taxi
The first Moscow’s taxi appeared in 1907 (101 years ago).
The highest and the lowest points of the city
The lowest point of the city is near Besedinsky bridge, where the Moscow River leaves the city and meets the water edge 114.2 m above sea level. From here the river flows into suburban spaces of Meshtcherskaya lowland. The highest point – 255.2 m is in the region of “Teply Stan” metro station in the centre of Teplostanskaya upland. Thus the altitude drop is approximately 140 m. The distance between these points is more than 17 km. But there are places in Moscow where considerable altitude drops are peculiar to neighboring areas. For example, Vorob’evy Gory rise 70 m above the Moscow- river. Here it is only 400 m from the edge of the original bank to the riverbed. Just a little smaller altitude drops are typical for Krylatskie Hills (65 - 70 m), Fili-Kuntsevsky recreational forest (55m), Kolomenskoe (45m). Lowland and upland meet in such points, located on the opposite banks of the Moscow-river, almost approaching its bed.
Streets and squares
In 1840 in Moscow there were 258 streets, 79 squares, 582 alleys and 216 vegetable gardens and these gardens occupied more than 1/6th part of the city. Besides the vegetable gardens there were 18 large meadows in Moscow. The mowed down hay could be seen even close to the centre.
Area of Moscow in the 20th century
The city entered the 20th century with the territory of 107.4 sq.km (in 1901). More than 1 million citizens lived there. Since that time the city has grown 10 times. The density of population thought has even slightly decreased. So we may draw a conclusion that contemporaries’ opinion about the rapid character of the urban life in Moscow in the beginning of the 20th century was not an overstatement.
Area of Moscow in the 21st century
Currently the area of the city has surpassed 1000 sq.km. The last abrupt widening of administrative borders of the city was in the beginning of the 60-s of our century, when the boundary line was drawn to MKAD (Moscow Automobile Ring Road).
There is not a city in the world with such a great amount of alleys, may be they present this unique identity of our city. There are more than 1000 alleys in Moscow. And there are also some blind alleys in our city. Among them is the smallest one – the 2d Pykhov blind alley – 27 metres.
To be continued…